The division was raised on 3 October 1943 in the response to the demand from Adolf Hitler's headquarters for a new formation that was to bear the name of the German knight Götz von Berlichingen. This new unit was to be an entirely new formation and recruiting difficulties were to delay its forming until December of 1943.
Götz (or Gottfried) von Berlichingen was a German knight who lived between 1480 and 1562. Born at the castle of Jagsthausen, he waged many wars and carried on numerous feuds - mainly for ransom and booty. While assisting Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria, in the siege of Landshut in 1505, his right hand was shot away. The iron hand he then adopted allowed him to continue fighting, gave him the nickname of "Götz of the Iron Hand" and the SS division that was to bear his name almost four centuries after his death, a symbol. (No evidence has so far been found to support the colorful theory that the men of the 17th SS Division adopted the memorable words of Götz von Berlichingen in Goethe's play of that name: he told the Bishop of Bamberg "kiss my ass!").
The divisional elements were to be built up in western France during November 1943, and a formation staff (Aufstellungsstab) was set up under SS-Obersturmbannführer Otto Binge, provisionally based at Poitiers, under the LXXXth Army Corps, 1st Army, Army Group "D". This was to remain the new Division's higher formation until late April 1944, when it came under the 1st SS Armored Corps.
On 24 November, one of the Division's most noteworthy units were raised. This was the armored reconnaissance battalion (SS-Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 17), which was based upon the 15th (motor-cycle) companies of the "Frundsberg" Division's two infantry regiments and formed at Thouars. Two days later on 26 November 1943, the 40 year-old Werner Ostendorff was chosen to command "G.v.B." Before being given command of "G.v.B.", he had been on the staff of the SS Armoured Corps and was its chief of staff at Kharkov and during the Kursk and Mius offensives. Ostendorff was appointed on 26 November 1943, but did not assume effective command of "G.v.B." until January 1944 as a result of delays in raising the Division.
Supply for the divisional elements was slow and with only three quarters of the required transport at hand, the Division began a collection of French vehicles on the orders of the LXXXth Army Corps. In this way, "G.v.B." was at least partially motorized by March 1944... just three months from D-Day.
World War II Combat Timeline
Division raised in Southern France
3 October, 1943: Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler gives unit the honor title "Götz von Berlichingen". Unit raised from training, replacement units and some Balkan volksdeutsche.
Werner Ostendorff promoted to SS-Brigadeführer &
26 Nov: Division forming Tours, France, possibly as SS-Kampfgruppen 1-3
December 1943: Division continues formation; strength at 4,000.
January 1944: SS-Brigadeführer Ostendorff joins the Division's HQ at Thouars, France.
February - March 1944: Division training, France
April 10: Division's formal activation ceremony,
Thouars, France. Attendees include Reichsführer-SS Himmler and "Sepp"
Dietrich. Himmler awards cufftitle to division members.
May 1944: France. Division strength at 14,000+
June 1: GvB stationed at Thouars, France with no tanks; only
assault guns; division only has 22-25 weeks of training, suffers from a lack of
vehicles and is 40% below strength for officers & NCO's. Unit strength
June 6: Allied invasion, Normandy
June 10: GvB Division posted to Normandy to counter allied landing, some troops have to bicycle to the front.
June 11: first combat Carentan; between Saint Lô and Coutances; SS-Kampfgruppe 1 sent to Denmark to relieve 363rd Infantry Division; SS-Kampfgruppe 3 sent to Jutland
June 12: US paratroopers capture Carentan
June 13: combat at Coutances; unsuccessful counterattack by SS-Pz.g Regt 37 (against the US 101st Airborne)
June 16: SS-Brigadeführer Ostendorff WIA ; SS-Oberführer Eduard Diesenhoffer becomes division CO.
June 18: SS-Kampfgruppen 1 & 3 become SS-Panzergrenadier Regt.s 49 & 51 respectively
June 30: combat at Carentan; SS-Kampfgruppe 3 strength: circa 2,900
Division strength at 8,500; combat
July 25: US Army breaks through at St. Lô.
Aug 4: 51st Regt. sent to Troyer, France
Aug 6: GvB participates in "Mortain Offensive" (a.k.a. Operation "Luttich") - the assault on Avranches; briefly assigned to the 2nd SS-Panzer Division
August 7: Operation Luttich
Aug. 10: 49th Regiment reclassified as "26.SS-Panzer-Division" (originally named 25th SS Panzer Division by the SS-FHA before they realized that they had already given out the number to a SS division of Hungarian recruits) & 51st Regiment as "27.SS-Panzer-Division" to confuse allied intelligence.
Aug 13: 49th Regt. transferred to France; attacked by the Danish resistence and Allied "Jabos" (fighter-bomber aircraft) the unit suffers heavy casualties and loses much of its equipment.
Aug 15: "Mortain Offensive" fails and becomes Falaise pocket. GvB split into 4 Kampsgruppe:
Aug 16: severely depleted Regt. 49 arrives Calais.
Aug 28: 1st Battery 17th SS Flak Battallion covers retreating German troops at Loire river bridge
Aug 22: Regt. 49 transferred to Meaux
Aug 23: Regt. 51 attacked by US 4th Armored Division, Troyes
Aug 25: Regt. 51 remnants flee Troyes; unit subordinated to GvB (some accounts say this occurred Sept 7-8); 49th Regt. combat Romilly; then retreats to Verdun
Aug 29: remnants of GvB withdraw to Chartres forest for refitting.
Aug 31: Regt 49 abandons Verdun
Sept. 1: GvB refitting Metz.
Sept 5: stationed at Arnaville
Sept. 7: 49th SS Panzergrenadier and 51st SS Panzer brigades incorporated in to GvB (some accounts say Sept 8; SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 37 defends Dornot against US troops.
Sept. 8: US 5th Infantry Division creates bridgehead over Moselle River at Dornot; GvB strongly counterattacks; 26th & 27th SS Divisions disbanded
Sept. 9: US 5th & 80th Infantry Divisions create new bridgehead over Moselle River at Arnaville; GvB stongly counterattacks
Sept. 13: GvB counterattacks fail; US 5th & 80th Infantry Divisions maintain & expand the Arnaville bridgehead;
Sept. 14: GvB in action Saar area, defending Metz.
Sept 15: division strength 16,832
Sept 17: Americans liberate Foret De Facq
Oct 31. Division badly depleted
GvB assigned to SS-Gruppenführer Max Simon's XIII. SS-Korps.
Nov 8: USAAF bombs GvB division HQ
Nov 16: Hitler authorizes the withdrawal of GvB from Metz
Nov 19: stationed at Maginot Line, Faulquemont
Nov 22: US troops liberate Metz.
Dec 4: GvB strength at 4,000 men and 20 AFV's
Dec 24: GvB sent to rear for refitting. Panzergrenadier Regiments brought to full strength with the addition of many Volksdeutsche replacements.
Dec 26: GvB receives 57 new sturmgeschultz
Dec 31: As part of XIII SS-Armeekorps, GvB participates in Operation Nordwind the last German offensive in the west. Attack against US Seventh Army (XV Corps) 44th and 100th Infantry Divisions in the eastern Saar.
1-6: Heavy combat, Operation Nordwind, near Gros Réderching
Jan 3: Much of division staff relieved.
Jan 5: Army Group G abandons breakthrough attempt with GVB, shifts focus towards Alsatian Plain. Heavy fighting nevertheless continues against US 44th and 100th Infantry Divisions and reinforcements from US 63rd Infantry Division and French 2nd Armored Division.
Jan 10: Division CO, Standartenführer Hans Linger, captured.
Jan 13: GvB withdraws towards West Wall
Mar 18: GvB retreats from Rimlingen; German West Wall broken
Mar 22: Division abandons all vehicles; divisional CO Oberführer Fritz Klingenberg KIA.
Mar 25: GvB retreats across the Rhine into Germany.
April 1: Division strength at 7,313.
April 18: GvB assigned to defense of Nürnberg
April 20: Nürenberg falls
[ in an interesting note, Antonio Munoz in his book Iron Fist (see bibliography) alleges that US troops of the 42 Infantry Division massacred 200 SS grenadiers from the 1st Batallion, 38th Regiment, GvB., dumping the corpses in a mass grave. Some human remains were positively identified in 1976.]
April 24: division retreats to Donauwoerth on the Danube river.
May 7: Surrenders to US forces near Achensee
World War II Unit Composition
Stab der Division
Artillerie Regiment 17
SS-Pionier Bataillon 17
SS-Feldersatz Bataillon 17
SS-Wirtschafts- Bataillon 17
SS-Panzerjager Abteilung 17
SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 37
SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 38
SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 49 (a.k.a. SS-Kampfgruppe 1)
SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 51(a.k.a. SS-Kampfgruppe 3)
[51st SS Panzer Abteilung ("Mersig"?)]
SS-Standartenführer Otto Binge
1943 - January 1944
SS-Oberführer Werner Ostendorff -- Died May 1, 1945
1944 - June 15, 1944
SS-Standartenführer Otto Baum
June 18, 1944 - July 30, 1944
SS-Standartenführer Dr. Eduard Deisenhofer (missing)
August 30, 1944 - September 1944
SS-Standartenführer Thomas Müller (substitute)
|No Photo Available||
SS-Standartenführer Gustav Mertsch (substitute)
SS-Standartenführer Hans Lingner (taken prisoner)
November 15, 1944 - January 9, 1945
|No Photo Available||
Oberst Gerhard Lindner
January 9, 1945 - January 21, 1945
SS-Standartenführer Fritz Klingenberg (died March 22, 1945)
January 21, 1945 - March 22, 1945
(later promoted to SS-Oberführer)
SS-Obersturmbannführer Vinzenz Kaiser (in temporary command)
circa March 24, 1945
SS-Standartenführer Jakob Fick
March 24, 1945 - March 26, 1945
SS-Oberführer Georg Bochmann
March 27, 1945 - May 9, 1945
(Photo shows Bochmann before promotion as SS-Obersturmbannführer)
Historical information is used with the permission of Roger James Bender
Some photos are from the collection of Jost Schneider Archives